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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

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Then, following the line of frontier, the pilgrims arrive at Kam-ban, now
the head-quarters of a tahsfli in Bharairpur territory, 39 miles from Mathurf,
with the Luk-lnk cave, where the boys played blind-man's huff ; and Aghasnr's
cave, where the demon of that name was destroyed ; and leaving Kanwaro-
ganw, enter again upon British ground near the village of Uncha-ganw, with
its ancient temple of Baladeva. High on the peak above is Barsana, with its
series of temples dedicated to Lariiji, where Eadha was brought up by her
parents, Brikhhbhau and Kirat ; and in the glade below, Dohani-kund near
Chaksaulij where as Jasoda was cleansing her milk-pail (doJiani) she first saw
the youthful pair together, and vowed that one day they should be husband and
wife. There too is Prem Sarovar, or love lake, where first the amorous tale
was told j and Sankari Khor, i the narrow opening ' between the hills, where
Krishna ky in ambush and levied his toll of milk on the Gropis as they came
in from Gahvarban, the ' thick forest* beyond.. Next are visited Sanket, the
place of assignation : Bithora, home of Chandra vali, Badha-'s faithful attendant ;
and Nand-ganwj long the residence of Nanda and Jasoda, with the great lake
Pan-Sarovar at the foot of the Mil, where Krishna morning and evening drove
his foster-father's cattle to - water (pan}. Kext in order come Karahla,* with
its fine kadamb trees ; Kamai, where one of Radha's humble friends was
honoured by a visit from her lord and mistress in the course of their rambles :
Ajnokhjt where Krishna pencilled his lady's eyebrows with anjan as she
reclined in careless mood on the green sward : and Fisaya,{ where she found

* Karahla^ or, as It is often spelt, Karhela, IB locally derived from kar kitnat the increments
of the hands In the rd*-l(ldL At the Tillage or Little Mama, a poad bears the same nanse — kar-
hel&kimd — which is there explained aa harm hilna, equivalent to pdp mocha*. But in the Mainpuri
district Is a large town called Karhsl— -the same word in a slightly modified form— where neither
of the abore etymologies coold hold. The name is more probably connected with a simple natural
feature, wz., the abundance of the kaHl plant at each place.

t -Ajnokh, or, in its fuller f onm, Ajnokhari, is a contraction foi Attja* Pokkar, *the anjan


langcsage of the country, a common expression for 'hungry and
But mo^ ©f these <I*riYations are quoted, not for their philological value, but aa show-
ing how thortmghly the whole country side is Impregnated frith the legends of Kriihna, when
§©me allusicm to him is detected in erery Tillage name. In the Vraja-bhakti-villBaFisayo is
caSei Fipfaa-Tana ; Imt it w^suld seem really to be a corruption of ptuasya. It is one of the most
picturesque spots IB the wlal© district, beirg of rery great extent, and in the centre oonsi sting oi
» series of opea gl*&m leading toe into the other, each emeixcka with t, deep belt of magnificent
k*et*m& teees, iatenpcrsed with & few ipeci»e3is of the pdpri* p«*en<l*, d&dk and jatov, ol lower
icowfh. These glaica, whlck arc ^ten of such regnlar'outline that tbey scarcely seem to be of
ntusl fen»*iiOT, are pofiilsxly kn«wa u the tern* chavk as «fi2 courts,' though they arc no*